Aristotle's Definition of Shame and Implications for Moral Education
Aristotle?s definition of shame is feeling of distress or anxiety caused by having done， do- ing or going to do something bad that seems to hurt one?s own reputation . ” Shame is caused by shaming people that they value by their bad behaviors，which includes the occurrence of behaviors，the moral evalu- ation of others， the sel--awareness of actors， emotional intention and emotional experiences of pain and anxiety. Shameful things cause shame，and shame will affect individual behaviors in the future. Aristotle' definition of shame has the implications for our education： Fostering sense of being ashamed is the impor- tant content of education，although tt is not its ultimate goal; and feeling ashamed is the important cond— tton for having sense of being ashamed. The influence of shame on individual behaviors can be both posi- tive and negative，and thus the significance to moral education s Hmited.