The Study on Professional Quality of Kindergarten Teachers in Japan
The purpose of this paper is to review the history of early childhood teacher education, recruitment of teachers, and in-service education in Japan, and to explore trends in early childhood education there. The paper is composed of three sections: teacher education in university, recruitment and selection of teachers, and in-service teacher education in official institutions. Based on Japan's experiences in kindergarten teacher education, the paper proposes a new policy for early childhood teacher education in Taiwan. This study identifies the following characteristics of Japanese preschool teacher education policy: 1.the shaping of kindergarten teachers' professional image; 2.the provision of sufficient training channels and the establishment of lifelong learning systems for teachers; 3.the systematic planning of teacher training, recruitment, and in-service education; 4.the introduction of a teacher certification exchange system to improve teachers' professional development; 5.the establishment of a responsible kindergarten teachers' learning system and promotion of training which is suited to teachers' experience and age; 6.the diversification of teacher cultivation methods; 7.the enrichment of teacher training course types; 8.the establishment of specialist graduate schools for kindergarten teachers; 9.diversified ways of recruiting kindergarten teachers; 10.the recruitment of people with teaching experience; 11.an emphasis on the role of training in improving teacher quality; 12.an increase in the number of opportunities and types of teacher training.
|關鍵詞||日本幼稚園、教師研習、師資培育、專業素質、選考任用、Japanese kindergarten、teacher's in-service education、teacher education、professional quality、recruitment & selection|