An Inventory of School Adaptation for College Freshmen
This study describes a newly-developed inventory for measuring school adaptation among college freshmen. A preliminary inventory was developed based on a review of the relevant literature， and the formal inventory was established after performing items analysis. 1，260 valid responses were collected and randomly divided into 3 independent groups. The first group was used to perform exploratory factor analysis in order to investigate the factor structure; the second group was used for confirmatory factor analysis for checking the model fitness; the cross-validation of the model was conducted on the third group. Finally， its scoring norm was established. The major findings support the stability and validity of this inventory: (1) The results from the exploratory factor analysis showed the constructed scale is comprised of 5 factors， including peer relationship， learning adaptation， self acceptance， teacher-student relationship， and time management. (2) The results from the confirmatory factor analysis showed that not only the fitness of the model is good， but the constructed scale also has good reliability and validity. (3) The cross-validation results showed that the proposed model has stability.